Key Thinkers

David Armstrong

Daniel Dennett

Critics’ quotes about physicalism

Kastrup: “physicalism posits that all ontological primitives, in and of themselves, are unconscious, consciousness arising only at the level of complex arrangements of primitives […] while bottom-up panpsychism posits that at least some ontological primitives are conscious in and of themselves, their combinations leading to more complex consciousness.” Kastrup, Bernardo. The Idea of the World (p. 59).