Consistent with the observation that electric fields have three-dimensional configurations that can be identified by their shape, bees detect the fields formed on other bees’ exoskeletons.
“Prediction of future events is a key feature of many cognitive abilities, such as language and action and has even been suggested as “one of the main unitary principles of cognition”. Applied to the social domain, correct prediction of other’s behavior helps in understanding other’s intentions, allows us to coordinate our behavior with others and is important for effective communication. Prediction of other’s behavior can be conceptualized on several levels and different timescales. For example, on a high cognitive level, humans can deliberately mentalize about beliefs and desires of others and how these will potentially influence their future behavior. On a lower cognitive level and a smaller time scale however, prediction of other’s behavior already occurs while the other person is still performing the action…” – Schippers and Keysers