It has long been speculated that only animals capable of conceptualizing conspecifics as selves – unique individuals – who can transition from life to death would be capable of mourning.
If you let your mind get caught in a loop of thinking, these girls will trigger a sort of philosophical optical illusion about the self. On the one hand, if their brains are indeed connected and sharing information, they have one – very unusual – brain. So using a neural definition of the self, that means they’re one person. But when you see them on video you experience them – as their mother does – as having two minds. Using a mental definition of self, that means they’re two selves. But then you realize these two selves have one brain… and back again you go to the beginning. And that’s the optical illusion. Depending on whether you define the self using minds or brains, you see a different number of people: One. Two. One. Two. The purpose of this illusion, which I submit should be called the “Neuroself Illusion,” is not to get you to choose one or two. Rather, it is to introduce you to the very real possibility that neuroscience does not support our four-hundred year-old Enlightenment assumption that each of us has a single self. Rather, neuroscience – mixed with simple logic – makes it increasingly likely that we will conclude the brain makes multiple selves or – if you think that idea makes no sense – no self at all. But either way we’re in for a cultural (but not a scientific!) paradigm shift. Because both conclusions rock western society’s core metaphysical assumption: that an individual self, in an individual body, is what we really are. Increasingly, the smart money says it ain’t.
In a sense that’s what worked about the photo. Obama could have been in any living room in America on any given Sunday. All that was missing was the chips and dip. We’ve all sat around with our friends, just like him, and we’ve all gazed up at the television, just like him. And we’ve all held our breaths as our team began its final play for all the marbles, just like him.
Do not believe the rumors. It’s not a physical world. Not merely, not only. Material is a lot of it, but isn’t all of it; matter does not have the right of way, for it does not have all the facts. It cannot tell the truth, or at least, not the whole. Matter must stand by meaning to be corrected. But even that correction will not be correct. For to restore the Idea to its proper place, with full equality to Matter, is merely to make a larger error. The two of them, as a dichotomy and dualism, are as wrong as either one alone. For the universe contains both of them, but as a single, united thing. But what is this thing?
The self is the atom of democracy, the engine of capitalism, the focus of law, the agent of free will, and the flaw of all religion. It is the secular derivative of soul. It is perhaps not too much to say that the self is the building block of the modern secular world.